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Emirate of Abu Dhabi

إمارة أبو ظبي (Arabic)

Flag of Abu Dhabi

Map of Abu Dhabi blank


Flag of the United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates


23.5°N 54.5°E

Official languages



United Arab Emirates dirham


c. 3rd millennium BC

Abu Dhabi, officially known as the Emirate of Abu Dhabi (Arabic: إمارة أبو ظبي Imārat Abū Ẓabī, literally "father of gazelle") is the largest of the seven emirates of the United Arab Emirates. It contains the nation's capital, Abu Dhabi.


Parts of the emirate were settled as far back as the 3rd millennium BC, and its early history fits the nomadic herding and fishing pattern typical of the region. Modern Abu Dhabi is traced back to the Bani Yas, a tribal confederation existing during the 18th century, which also took control of Dubai.


Bahrain 1 dinar 1964 obv

Abu Dhabi formerly used the Bahraini dinar.

During the mid-20th century, the economy of Abu Dhabi was sustained by camel herding, production of dates and vegetables at the oases of Al Ain and Liwa, fishing, and pearl diving. In 1958, petroleum was first discovered in the emirate, though it was not exported for a number of years. Today, Abu Dhabi's main revenues are from industry (65.5%), construction (11.5%), and financial services (23.6%), which make up the emirate's US$187 billion economy.

From 1966 to 1973, the Bahraini dinar was used as currency within Abu Dhabi, being the only emirate to not use the Qatar and Dubai riyal. Today, Abu Dhabi uses the United Arab Emirates dirham, along with the other emirates.


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Emirates of the United Arab Emirates
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