African Union
الاتحاد الأفريقي (Arabic)
Union africaine (French)
União Africana (Portuguese)
Unión Africana (Spanish)
Umoja wa Afrika (Swahili)
Flag African Union.svg Emblem of the African Union.svg
Flag Emblem
African Union (orthographic projection).svg
     Current members
     Suspended members
     Other countries
Political capitals Flag of Ethiopia.svg Addis Ababa
Flag of South Africa.svg Midrand
Official languages
5; click to

Arabic
French
English
Spanish
Portuguese
Swahili
Other African languages

Demonym

African

Members
54; click to

Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria
Flag of Angola.svg Angola
Flag of Benin.svg Benin
Flag of Botswana.svg Botswana
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg Burkina Faso
Flag of Burundi.svg Burundi
Flag of Cameroon.svg Cameroon
Flag of Cape Verde.svg Cape Verde
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg Central African Republic (suspended)
Flag of Chad.svg Chad
Flag of the Comoros.svg Comoros
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Côte d'Ivoire
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Democratic Republic of the Congo
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Republic of the Congo
Flag of Djibouti.svg Djibouti
Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg Equatorial Guinea
Flag of Eritrea.svg Eritrea
Flag of Ethiopia.svg Ethiopia
Flag of Gabon.svg Gabon
Flag of The Gambia.svg Gambia
Flag of Ghana.svg Ghana
Flag of Guinea.svg Guinea
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg Guinea-Bissau
Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya
Flag of Lesotho.svg Lesotho
Flag of Liberia.svg Liberia
Flag of Libya.svg Libya
Flag of Madagascar.svg Madagascar
Flag of Malawi.svg Malawi
Flag of Mali.svg Mali
Flag of Mauritania.svg Mauritania
Flag of Mauritius.svg Mauritius
Flag of Mozambique.svg Mozambique
Flag of Namibia.svg Namibia
Flag of Niger.svg Niger
Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria
Flag of Rwanda.svg Rwanda
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg São Tomé and Príncipe
Flag of Senegal.svg Senegal
Flag of Seychelles.svg Seychelles
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg Sierra Leone
Flag of Somalia.svg Somalia
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa
Flag of South Sudan.svg South Sudan
Flag of Sudan.svg Sudan
Flag of Swaziland.svg Swaziland
Flag of Tanzania.svg Tanzania
Flag of Togo.svg Togo
Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
Flag of Uganda.svg Uganda
Flag of Zambia.svg Zambia
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe

Currency

Afro (planned) for 2023

Current

Algerian dinar
Angolan kwanza
Botswana pula
Burundian franc
Cape Verdean escudo
Central African CFA franc
Comorian franc
Congolese franc
Djiboutian franc
Egyptian pound
Eritrean nakfa
Ethiopian birr
Gambian dalasi
Ghanaian cedi
Guinean franc
Kenyan shilling
Lesotho loti
Liberian dollar
Libyan dinar
Malagasy ariary
Malawian kwacha
Mauritanian ouguiya
Mauritian rupee
Moroccan dirham
Mozambican metical
Namibian dollar
Nigerian naira
Rwandan franc
São Tomé and Príncipe dobra
Seychellois rupee
Sierra Leonean leone
Somali shilling
South African rand
South Sudanese pound
Sudanese pound
Swazi lilangeni
Tanzanian shilling
Tunisian dinar
Ugandan shilling
West African CFA franc
Zambian kwacha

Establishment
-OAU Charter

May 25, 1963

-Abuja Treaty

June 3, 1991

-Sirte Declaration

July 9, 2002

GDP (PPP)
-Total

US$3.757 trillion (2014)

-Per capita

$3,568 (2014)

GDP (nominal)
-Total

US$2.390 trillion (2014)

-Per capita

$2,173 (2014)

v · d · e

The African Union (abbreviated AU in English and UA in different languages) is a geopolitical union consisting of 54 African states. The only African state not part of the African Union is Morocco. It was established on July 9, 2002, succeeding the Organization of African Unity (OAU).

History[edit | edit source]

The foundation of the African Union was the Union of African States.

The first attempt to create a single unified state encompassing the whole of the African continent were made by colonial powers in Europe during the 19th century, intent on using the number of natural resources and manpower the continent had to offer to their empires. However, rivalries between many of the powers made this impossible, and much of Africa later became shared by Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom. The Union of African States was one of the first unions of African nations. It only existed from 1958 to 1962 and consisted of three members: Ghana, Guinea, and Mali. The Organization of African Unity was then established the following year, but was disbanded in 2002 by its president, South African President Thabo Mbeki (1942–).

The idea of establishing the African Union was revived during the mid-1990s under leadership by Libyan head of state Muammar Gaddafi (1942–2011). The heads of state and government of the OAU introduced the Sirte Declaration on September 9, 1999, which called for the introduction of the AU. This meeting was followed by summits at Lomé in 2000, when the Constitutive Act of the African Union was adopted, and at Lusaka in 2001, when the plan for the implementation of the union was adopted. The organization was officially launched in Durban in 2002, succeeding the Organization of African Unity.

Morocco, the only African state that is not a member of the African Union, left the AU's predecessor, the Organization for African Unity, in 1984, when several member states supported the inclusion of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.

Since the inception of the African Union, a handful of states have had their memberships suspended as a result of local political conflicts, including Burkina Faso, the Central African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Egypt, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, and Togo. Of these, only the Central African Republic is currently suspended.

Economy[edit | edit source]

All of the states of the African Union make up a nominal GDP of US$1.627 trillion. By measuring GDP by PPP, the African Union's economy totals $2.849 trillion. Currently, there are over forty currencies found in circulation within the AU, which gives the AU the intent to establish a common currency and a single central bank among its states as early as 2028.

The AU's future goals include creating a free trade area, a customs union, a single market, and a common currency.

Member states[edit | edit source]

Currently, there are 54 member states of the African Union, constituting of every African country but Morocco, which withdrew from the OAU in 1984. The countries are:

Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria
Flag of Angola.svg Angola
Flag of Benin.svg Benin
Flag of Botswana.svg Botswana
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg Burkina Faso
Flag of Burundi.svg Burundi
Flag of Cameroon.svg Cameroon
Flag of Cape Verde.svg Cape Verde
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg Central African Republic (suspended)
Flag of Chad.svg Chad
Flag of the Comoros.svg Comoros
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Côte d'Ivoire
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Democratic Republic of the Congo
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Republic of the Congo
Flag of Djibouti.svg Djibouti
Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg Equatorial Guinea
Flag of Eritrea.svg Eritrea
Flag of Ethiopia.svg Ethiopia
Flag of Gabon.svg Gabon

Flag of The Gambia.svg The Gambia
Flag of Ghana.svg Ghana
Flag of Guinea.svg Guinea
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg Guinea-Bissau
Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti (observer)
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan (observer)
Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya
Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia (observer)
Flag of Lesotho.svg Lesotho
Flag of Liberia.svg Liberia
Flag of Libya.svg Libya
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania (observer)
Flag of Madagascar.svg Madagascar
Flag of Malawi.svg Malawi
Flag of Mali.svg Mali
Flag of Mauritania.svg Mauritania
Flag of Mauritius.svg Mauritius
Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco (formerly)
Flag of Mozambique.svg Mozambique
Flag of Namibia.svg Namibia
Flag of Niger.svg Niger

Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria
Flag of Palestine.svg Palestine (observer)
Flag of Rwanda.svg Rwanda
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg São Tomé and Príncipe
Flag of Serbia.svg Serbia (observer)
Flag of Senegal.svg Senegal
Flag of Seychelles.svg Seychelles
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg Sierra Leone
Flag of Somalia.svg Somalia
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa
Flag of South Sudan.svg South Sudan
Flag of Sudan.svg Sudan
Flag of Swaziland.svg Swaziland
Flag of Tanzania.svg Tanzania
Flag of Togo.svg Togo
Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey (observer)
Flag of Uganda.svg Uganda
Flag of Zambia.svg Zambia
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

 v · d · e
Africa
Countries AlgeriaAngolaBeninBotswanaBurkina FasoBurundiCameroonCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadComorosDemocratic Republic of the CongoRepublic of the CongoCôte d'IvoireDjiboutiEgyptEquatorial GuineaEritreaEthiopiaGabonGambiaGhanaGuineaGuinea-BissauKenyaLesothoLiberiaLibyaMadagascarMalawiMaliMauritaniaMauritiusMoroccoMozambiqueNamibiaNigerNigeriaRwandaSão Tomé and PríncipeSenegalSeychellesSierra LeoneSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth SudanSudanSwazilandTanzaniaTogoTunisiaUgandaZambiaZimbabwe
Unrecognized countries SomalilandSahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara)
Non-sovereign territories AscensionCanary IslandsCeutaFrench Southern and Antarctic Lands* • MadeiraMayotteMelilla
Plazas de soberaníaRéunionSaint HelenaTristan da Cunha
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