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Coat of arms of Cyprus, state title, year
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The ½ cent coin, known colloquially in Greek as the μισούι (Romanized: misoúi), is a former circulation piece of the Republic of Cyprus. It was issued in a single type in 1983, during the transition to a cent-based currency. The piece was distributed by the Central Bank of Cyprus and struck under commission at the Royal Mint in Llantrisant, Wales.
The ½ cent initially circulated for a value of 0.005 pound (lira) in Cyprus (excluding Northern Cyprus) and the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia. However, by late 1980s and early 1990s, the piece had lost much of its purchasing power and began to disappear from circulation. It was officially withdrawn by the Central Bank of Cyprus on October 1, 1992, but remained exchangeable until December 1, 2001.
The coin, like the final 5 mil piece, is composed of an aluminum alloy and measures 1.25 grams in mass, 20.65 millimeters in diameter, and 1.8 millimeters in thickness. It has medallic alignment and a plain edge, and is dodecagonal (12-sided) in shape. Both of its rims are raised and undecorated.
Both sides of the piece were designed by Clara Zacharaki-Georgiou, a Greek-born Cypriot artist. The coat of arms of Cyprus – which consists of a central escutcheon featuring the date "1960" and a dove with an olive branch in its mouth – is displayed in the middle of the obverse. Illustrated around the escutcheon in the arms is a wreath of olive branches, which symbolizes peace. Printed next to the arms, extending in a clockwise direction from the coin's lower left to lower right peripheries, is the word "Cyprus" in English, Greek, and Turkish, the three most spoken languages in the island country. Respectively written as "CYPRUS", "ΚΥΠΡΟΣ" (Romanized: Kýpros), and "KIBRIS", the names are separated from each other by small circular points. The Gregorian date of minting occupies the remainder of the coin's boundary at the bottom of the piece. It is engraved counterclockwise in smaller print, and is flanked on both sides by circular points.
A depiction of the Cyprus cyclamen (Cyclamen cyprium), the national flower of Cyprus, is featured on the coin's reverse. Engraved in large print to the right is the fraction "½", indicating the coin's nominal value of a half of a cent.
Around 10,006,250 examples of the coin were manufactured, including 9,988,600 business strikes; 11,400 Brilliant Uncirculated pieces; and 6,250 proofs. All of the uncirculated and proof pieces were distributed in official mint and proof sets by the Central Bank of Cyprus.
- Numismatic Guaranty Corporation – Cyprus - Half Cent, KM# 52 (1983)
- Colnect – ½ Cent (1983)
- Numista – ½ Cent (1983) (English) (French)
- Central Bank of Cyprus – Central Bank of Cyprus – Demonetized Banknotes and Coins
- Coins of the Cypriot pound on the English Wikipedia
- Cypriot pound on the English Wikipedia