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Dioscurias AE coins

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|edge= plain
 
|edge= plain
 
|die axis= 12
 
|die axis= 12
|obverse= {{wp|en|Pileus (hat)|Pilei}} of {{wp|en|Castor and Pollux}}, {{wp|en|Six-pointed star|stars}}
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|obverse= [[wikipedia:Pileus (hat)|Pilei]] of [[wikipedia:Castor and Pollux|Castor and Pollux]], [[wikipedia:Six-pointed star|stars]]
|reverse= {{wp|en|Thyrsus}}, state title
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|reverse= [[wikipedia:Thyrsus|Thyrsus]], state title
 
}}
 
}}
'''[[AE]] [[circulation]] [[coin]]s''' were issued by [[Dioscurias]], a former [[Ancient Greece|Greek]] colony located in what is now {{wp|en|Sukhumi}}, [[Georgia]] (the disputed capital of [[Abkhazia]]). They were distributed during the reign of {{wp|en|King of Pontus|King}} {{wp|en|Mithridates VI of Pontus|Mithridates VI Eupator}} of [[Kingdom of Pontus|Pontus]] (134–63 BC) during the latter portion of the [[2nd century BC]]. Like most AE coins of Ancient Greece, the value of the pieces of Dioscurias is unknown. In various numismatic publications, they can be identified by the prefix [[AE]] followed by the diameter of the piece.
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'''[[AE]] [[circulation]] [[coin]]s''' were issued by [[Dioscurias]], a former [[Ancient Greece|Greek]] colony located in what is now [[wikipedia:Sukhumi|Sukhumi]], [[Georgia]] (the disputed capital of [[Abkhazia]]). They were distributed during the reign of [[wikipedia:King of Pontus|King]] [[wikipedia:Mithridates VI of Pontus|Mithridates VI Eupator]] of [[Kingdom of Pontus|Pontus]] (134–63 BC) during the latter portion of the [[2nd century BC]]. Like most AE coins of Ancient Greece, the value of the pieces of Dioscurias is unknown. In various numismatic publications, they can be identified by the prefix [[AE]] followed by the diameter of the piece.
   
The coins are composed of [[brass]], [[bronze]], or [[copper]]. Examples vary in mass and diameter, but most weigh between 2.06 and 5.46 grams and measure from 15 to 20 millimeters in diameter. All are irregularly round in [[shape]], bear a plain [[edge]], and have a [[die axis]] of 12-o'-clock. Featured on the [[obverse]] are the {{wp|en|Pileus (hat)|pilei}} of the Dioscuri, the twins {{wp|en|Castor and Pollux}} from {{wp|en|Greek mythology|Greek}} and {{wp|en|Roman mythology}} and the namesake of Dioscurias. Two {{wp|en|star}}, symbols of the Kingdom of Pontus, are displayed above the pilei. Engraved in the center of the [[reverse]] is a {{wp|en|thyrsus}}, a staff covered in {{wp|en|ivy}} vines and topped with a {{wp|en|pine}} {{wp|en|Conifer cone|cone}} representing prosperity, fertility, and {{wp|en|hedonism}}. The {{wp|en|Greek language|Greek}} "ΔΙΟΣΚΟΥΡΙΑΔΟΣ" (''Dioscouriados''), attributing the piece to Dioscurias, is written horizontally on three lines along the thyrsus, the first reading "ΔΙΟΣ" (''Dios''), the second "ΚΟΥΡΙΑ" (''kouria''), and the third "ΔΟΣ" (''dos''). Of these, the initial line is separated by the thyrsus between the "Ι" ({{wp|en|iota}}) and "Ο" ({{wp|en|omicron}}), the second between the "Υ" ({{wp|en|upsilon}}) and "Ρ" ({{wp|en|rho}}), and the third between the "Δ" ({{wp|en|Delta (letter)|delta}}) and "Ο" (omicron).
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The coins are composed of [[brass]], [[bronze]], or [[copper]]. Examples vary in mass and diameter, but most weigh between 2.06 and 5.46 grams and measure from 15 to 20 millimeters in diameter. All are irregularly round in [[shape]], bear a plain [[edge]], and have a [[die axis]] of 12-o'-clock. Featured on the [[obverse]] are the [[wikipedia:Pileus (hat)|pilei]] of the Dioscuri, the twins [[wikipedia:Castor and Pollux|Castor and Pollux]] from [[wikipedia:Greek mythology|Greek]] and [[wikipedia:Roman mythology|Roman mythology]] and the namesake of Dioscurias. Two [[wikipedia:Star|star]], symbols of the Kingdom of Pontus, are displayed above the pilei. Engraved in the center of the [[reverse]] is a [[wikipedia:Thyrsus|thyrsus]], a staff covered in [[wikipedia:Ivy|ivy]] vines and topped with a [[wikipedia:Pine|pine]] [[wikipedia:Conifer cone|cone]] representing prosperity, fertility, and [[wikipedia:Hedonism|hedonism]]. The [[wikipedia:Greek language|Greek]] "ΔΙΟΣΚΟΥΡΙΑΔΟΣ" (''Dioscouriados''), attributing the piece to Dioscurias, is written horizontally on three lines along the thyrsus, the first reading "ΔΙΟΣ" (''Dios''), the second "ΚΟΥΡΙΑ" (''kouria''), and the third "ΔΟΣ" (''dos''). Of these, the initial line is separated by the thyrsus between the "Ι" ([[wikipedia:Iota|iota]]) and "Ο" ([[wikipedia:Omicron|omicron]]), the second between the "Υ" ([[wikipedia:Upsilon|upsilon]]) and "Ρ" ([[wikipedia:Rho|rho]]), and the third between the "Δ" ([[wikipedia:Delta (letter)|delta]]) and "Ο" (omicron).
   
 
Like most Ancient Greek coins, the number of extant Dioscurias AE coins is currently unknown.
 
Like most Ancient Greek coins, the number of extant Dioscurias AE coins is currently unknown.
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