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|edge= plain
 
|edge= plain
 
|die axis= 12
 
|die axis= 12
|obverse= [[wikipedia:Pileus (hat)|Pilei]] of [[wikipedia:Castor and Pollux|Castor and Pollux]], [[wikipedia:Six-pointed star|stars]]
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|obverse= {{wp|en|Pileus (hat)|Pilei}} of {{wp|en|Castor and Pollux}}, {{wp|en|Six-pointed star|stars}}
|reverse= [[wikipedia:Thyrsus|Thyrsus]], state title
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|reverse= {{wp|en|Thyrsus}}, state title
 
}}
 
}}
'''[[AE]] [[circulation]] [[coin]]s''' were issued by [[Dioscurias]], a former [[Ancient Greece|Greek]] colony located in what is now [[wikipedia:Sukhumi|Sukhumi]], [[Georgia]] (the disputed capital of [[Abkhazia]]). They were distributed during the reign of [[wikipedia:King of Pontus|King]] [[wikipedia:Mithridates VI of Pontus|Mithridates VI Eupator]] of [[Kingdom of Pontus|Pontus]] (134–63 BC) during the latter portion of the [[2nd century BC]]. Like most AE coins of Ancient Greece, the value of the pieces of Dioscurias is unknown. In various numismatic publications, they can be identified by the prefix [[AE]] followed by the diameter of the piece.
+
'''[[AE]] [[circulation]] [[coin]]s''' were issued by [[Dioscurias]], a former [[Ancient Greece|Greek]] colony located in what is now {{wp|en|Sukhumi}}, [[Georgia]] (the disputed capital of [[Abkhazia]]). They were distributed during the reign of {{wp|en|King of Pontus|King}} {{wp|en|Mithridates VI of Pontus|Mithridates VI Eupator}} of [[Kingdom of Pontus|Pontus]] (134–63 BC) during the latter portion of the [[2nd century BC]]. Like most AE coins of Ancient Greece, the value of the pieces of Dioscurias is unknown. In various numismatic publications, they can be identified by the prefix [[AE]] followed by the diameter of the piece.
   
The coins are composed of [[brass]], [[bronze]], or [[copper]]. Examples vary in mass and diameter, but most weigh between 2.06 and 5.46 grams and measure from 15 to 20 millimeters in diameter. All are irregularly round in [[shape]], bear a plain [[edge]], and have a [[die axis]] of 12-o'-clock. Featured on the [[obverse]] are the [[wikipedia:Pileus (hat)|pilei]] of the Dioscuri, the twins [[wikipedia:Castor and Pollux|Castor and Pollux]] from [[wikipedia:Greek mythology|Greek]] and [[wikipedia:Roman mythology|Roman mythology]] and the namesake of Dioscurias. Two [[wikipedia:Star|star]], symbols of the Kingdom of Pontus, are displayed above the pilei. Engraved in the center of the [[reverse]] is a [[wikipedia:Thyrsus|thyrsus]], a staff covered in [[wikipedia:Ivy|ivy]] vines and topped with a [[wikipedia:Pine|pine]] [[wikipedia:Conifer cone|cone]] representing prosperity, fertility, and [[wikipedia:Hedonism|hedonism]]. The [[wikipedia:Greek language|Greek]] "ΔΙΟΣΚΟΥΡΙΑΔΟΣ" (''Dioscouriados''), attributing the piece to Dioscurias, is written horizontally on three lines along the thyrsus, the first reading "ΔΙΟΣ" (''Dios''), the second "ΚΟΥΡΙΑ" (''kouria''), and the third "ΔΟΣ" (''dos''). Of these, the initial line is separated by the thyrsus between the "Ι" ([[wikipedia:Iota|iota]]) and "Ο" ([[wikipedia:Omicron|omicron]]), the second between the "Υ" ([[wikipedia:Upsilon|upsilon]]) and "Ρ" ([[wikipedia:Rho|rho]]), and the third between the "Δ" ([[wikipedia:Delta (letter)|delta]]) and "Ο" (omicron).
+
The coins are composed of [[brass]], [[bronze]], or [[copper]]. Examples vary in mass and diameter, but most weigh between 2.06 and 5.46 grams and measure from 15 to 20 millimeters in diameter. All are irregularly round in [[shape]], bear a plain [[edge]], and have a [[die axis]] of 12-o'-clock. Featured on the [[obverse]] are the {{wp|en|Pileus (hat)|pilei}} of the Dioscuri, the twins {{wp|en|Castor and Pollux}} from {{wp|en|Greek mythology|Greek}} and {{wp|en|Roman mythology}} and the namesake of Dioscurias. Two {{wp|en|star}}, symbols of the Kingdom of Pontus, are displayed above the pilei. Engraved in the center of the [[reverse]] is a {{wp|en|thyrsus}}, a staff covered in {{wp|en|ivy}} vines and topped with a {{wp|en|pine}} {{wp|en|Conifer cone|cone}} representing prosperity, fertility, and {{wp|en|hedonism}}. The {{wp|en|Greek language|Greek}} "ΔΙΟΣΚΟΥΡΙΑΔΟΣ" (''Dioscouriados''), attributing the piece to Dioscurias, is written horizontally on three lines along the thyrsus, the first reading "ΔΙΟΣ" (''Dios''), the second "ΚΟΥΡΙΑ" (''kouria''), and the third "ΔΟΣ" (''dos''). Of these, the initial line is separated by the thyrsus between the "Ι" ({{wp|en|iota}}) and "Ο" ({{wp|en|omicron}}), the second between the "Υ" ({{wp|en|upsilon}}) and "Ρ" ({{wp|en|rho}}), and the third between the "Δ" ({{wp|en|Delta (letter)|delta}}) and "Ο" (omicron).
   
 
Like most Ancient Greek coins, the number of extant Dioscurias AE coins is currently unknown.
 
Like most Ancient Greek coins, the number of extant Dioscurias AE coins is currently unknown.

Revision as of 23:42, March 10, 2016

AE
Colchis coin
General information
Country

Dioscurias

Value

Unknown

Years

ND; 2nd century BC

Measurements and composition
Mass

2.06–5.46 g

Diameter

15–20 mm

Composition

brass/bronze/copper

Appearance
Shape

round

Die axis

12

Edge

plain

Obverse

Pilei of Castor and Pollux, stars

Reverse

Thyrsus, state title

v · d · e

AE circulation coins were issued by Dioscurias, a former Greek colony located in what is now Sukhumi, Georgia (the disputed capital of Abkhazia). They were distributed during the reign of King Mithridates VI Eupator of Pontus (134–63 BC) during the latter portion of the 2nd century BC. Like most AE coins of Ancient Greece, the value of the pieces of Dioscurias is unknown. In various numismatic publications, they can be identified by the prefix AE followed by the diameter of the piece.

The coins are composed of brass, bronze, or copper. Examples vary in mass and diameter, but most weigh between 2.06 and 5.46 grams and measure from 15 to 20 millimeters in diameter. All are irregularly round in shape, bear a plain edge, and have a die axis of 12-o'-clock. Featured on the obverse are the pilei of the Dioscuri, the twins Castor and Pollux from Greek and Roman mythology and the namesake of Dioscurias. Two star, symbols of the Kingdom of Pontus, are displayed above the pilei. Engraved in the center of the reverse is a thyrsus, a staff covered in ivy vines and topped with a pine cone representing prosperity, fertility, and hedonism. The Greek "ΔΙΟΣΚΟΥΡΙΑΔΟΣ" (Dioscouriados), attributing the piece to Dioscurias, is written horizontally on three lines along the thyrsus, the first reading "ΔΙΟΣ" (Dios), the second "ΚΟΥΡΙΑ" (kouria), and the third "ΔΟΣ" (dos). Of these, the initial line is separated by the thyrsus between the "Ι" (iota) and "Ο" (omicron), the second between the "Υ" (upsilon) and "Ρ" (rho), and the third between the "Δ" (delta) and "Ο" (omicron).

Like most Ancient Greek coins, the number of extant Dioscurias AE coins is currently unknown.

References

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