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The 1 pound coin was first issued by the British overseas territory of Gibraltar in 1988. This first issue was minted until 1997, and was eventually replaced by a similar issue in 1998, which was minted thenceforth until 2002. The most current general issue was introduced in 2005 and was last struck in 2011.
History[edit | edit source]
General issues[edit | edit source]
The first general issue Gibraltarian 1 pound coin was struck in 1988 and continued to be issued until 1997. The coin is composed of nickel-brass, weighs 9.5 grams, and measures 22.5 millimeters in diameter and 3.15 millimeters thick. Raphael David Maklouf's right-facing portrait of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is displayed on the obverse, flanked by a caption reading "ELIZABETH II" to the left and a legend reading "GIBRALTAR" and the year to the right. The reverse, designed by Alfred Ryman, features the coat of arms of Gibraltar with the value inscribed above. Like many Gibraltarian coins of the time period, it was struck at the Pobjoy Mint in Tadworth, Surrey. In addition to the standard nickel-brass 1 pound coins, uncirculated silver and gold issues were struck in 1988, bearing the same measurements as their base metal counterparts. The second issue was introduced in 1998 and was minted until 2002. It differs from the first issue only by featuring Ian Rank-Broadley's portrait of Elizabeth II, using a larger font on the obverse, and that the "GIBRALTAR" and the date were moved to the left of the likeness of Elizabeth, and her name was moved to the right.
The third general issue, a circulated commemorative, was struck from 2005 to 2011. Metrically, the coin does not differ from its predecessors. However, stylistically, it is much different. A new portrait of Elizabeth II by Raphael David Maklouf is displayed on the obverse, flanked to the left by her name and to the right by the text "GIBRALTAR" and the year. In commemoration of the discovery of Gibraltar 1, a Neanderthal skull found at Forbes' Quarry in Gibraltar in 1848, an image of the artifact, designed by Philip Nathan, is displayed on the reverse, with the value inscribed above and a legend reading "DISCOVERY OF NEANDERTHAL SKULL IN GIBRALTAR 1848" written below.
Commemorative coins[edit | edit source]
Gibraltar issued its first commemorative 1 pound coin in 1989 to mark the 100th anniversary of Gibraltarian coinage. Thenceforth, the government of the British overseas territory has issued commemoratives denominated at 1 pound once every few years. Like the general issue coinage, a majority are minted using nickel-brass planchets, but the Pobjoy Mint has struck silver examples during the years 1989, 1993, and 1995, and both gold and platinum examples in 1989 and 1993. Regardless of composition, all commemorative Gibraltarian 1 pound coins bear the same measurements, which are identical to those of the corresponding general issue coins. Similarly, they share the same obverses as the circulation coinage.
|1989||100th anniversary of Gibraltarian coinage||Elizabeth II, "ELIZABETH II", "GIBRALTAR", year (Maklouf)||Coat of arms of Gibraltar in circle, "150 ANNIVERSARY OF THE FIRST GIBRALTAR COIN", value||nickel-brass|
|1993||Referendum of 1967||Elizabeth II, "ELIZABETH II", "GIBRALTAR", year (Maklouf)||Coat of arms of Gibraltar above Rock of Gibraltar with Union Flag, "REFERENDUM-1967-1993"||nickel-brass|
|1994||40th anniversary of Elizabeth II's first Royal Visit to Gibraltar||Elizabeth II, "ELIZABETH II", "GIBRALTAR", year (Maklouf)||Ocean liner sailing before the Rock of Gibraltar, "40TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE 1ST ROYAL VISIT OF QUEEN ELIZABETH II", value||nickel-brass|
|1995||50th anniversary of the United Nations||Elizabeth II, "ELIZABETH II", "GIBRALTAR", year (Maklouf)||Rock of Gibraltar, UN emblem, "NATIONAL DAY", value||nickel-brass|
|2003||1700th anniversary of the death of Saint George||Elizabeth II, "ELIZABETH II", "GIBRALTAR", year||Saint George on horseback and the dragon, "• AMICUS • CHRISTI • GEORGIUS •", value||nickel-brass|
|2004||300th anniversary of the Great Siege of Gibraltar||Elizabeth II, "ELIZABETH II", "GIBRALTAR", year (Maklouf)||Left-facing cannon, "1704-2004", "THE GREAT SIEGE OF GIBRALTAR 1779-1783", value||nickel-brass|
|2005-2011||Discovery of Gibraltar 1 skull||see above|
References[edit | edit source]
- Cuhaj, George; Michael, Thomas (2012). 2013 Standard Catalog of World Coins 2001 to Date (7 ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 1440229651. Retrieved 25 August 2012
- Cuhaj, George; Michael, Thomas (2012). 2013 Standard Catalog of World Coins - 1901-2000 (40 ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 1440229627. Retrieved 25 August 2012
|Banknotes||2/- • 10/- • £1 • £5 • £10 • £20 • £50 • £100|
|Coins||Pence: 1 p • 2 p • 5 p • 10 p • 20 p • 25 p • 50 p|
Pound: £1 • £2 • ₠2.8/£2 • £5 • ₠14/£10 • ₠35/£25 • ₠70/£50
Crown: 1⁄25 C • 1⁄10 C • ⅕ C • ¼ C • ½ C • 1 C (pre-decimal) • 1 C (decimal) • 1 C (medallic) • 2 C • 5 C • 10 C • 32 C • 40 C
Royal: 1⁄25 R • 1⁄10 R • ⅕ R • ½ R • 1 R
Sovereign: ⅕ S • ¼ S • ½ S • 1 S (decimal) • 1 S (medallic) • 2 S • 5 S
|Miscellaneous||Crown • European Currency Unit • Gibraltar euro coins • Gibraltar real • Penny • Pound • Pound sterling • Royal •|
Sovereign • Tower Mint, Ltd.