|1 silver reaal|
|Measurements and composition|
Monogram of Maximilian I and Philip the Fair
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The 1 silver reaal (alternatively spelled as real) or reaal d'argent coin was issued by the Duchy of Guelders during the rule of Duke Philip "The Fair" of the Habsburg family in 1487. It had a value equal to 8 stuivers, or 16 gros. A higher-valued gold reaal coin was also issued.
The 1 reaal d'argent coin is composed of silver, hence its name. It weighs anywhere from 7 to 7.2 grams and measures approximately 33 millimeters in diameter. A right-facing image of Philip's father, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, wearing armor and donning a crown on his head is displayed inside a circular frame on the obverse. In his left hand he holds the globus cruciger, a Christian symbol of authority, and in his right he carries a sword. The Latin motto "CVSTODIAT CREATOR ONIV HVMILE SERVV SVV", which translates to "May the Creator of All protect his humble servant", is inscribed around the circumference of the circle, and is followed by the date "18Ʌ". The imperial monogram of Maximilian I combined with that of Philip is featured inside a frame in the center of the reverse. Encircling the frame is the legend "DET TIBI MATRIS VTVTE - ET IN CELIS GLORIAM" (English: "May he grant thee virtue on Earth and glory in Heaven"). A crown at the bottom of the coin divides the words between "DET" and "VIVTE" from the remainder of the inscription, and another crown is present at the top, separating the beginning of the sentence from the end.
An unknown number of these coins was produced at the mint in Zaltbommel, and they are today considered extremely rare. This coin has been mentioned in a handful of numismatic publications, including Albert Romer Frey's The dated European coinage prior to 1501 and Robert A. Levinson's The Early Dated Coins of Europe: 1234-1500. The latter of these two works estimates 2 or 3 pieces are collectible. Two specimens are currently in possession of the Teylers Museum in the Netherlands.
References[edit | edit source]
- The dated European coinage prior to 1501
- The Early Dated Coins of Europe: 1234-1500
- Medieval Coins – 1481-1490
- Teylers Museum website