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Coat of arms of Liechtenstein, state title, value
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The 100 frank coin is a former non-circulating commemorative coin of the Principality of Liechtenstein. It was issued in a single type in 1952 to celebrate the marriage of Prince Franz Joseph II (1906–1989; r. 1938–1989) and Countess Georgina "Gina" von Wilczek (1921–1989) on March 7, 1943. The piece was distributed by the National Bank of Liechtenstein and struck under contract at the Swissmint in Bern, Switzerland.
Although a collector's item, the coin initially carried a nominal value of 100.00 Liechtenstein franken, or 100.00 Swiss francs, in its country of origin. However, it was eventually demonetized, and is thus no longer legal tender in Liechtenstein.
The coin is composed of .900 fine gold (90% gold and 10% copper) and measures 32.258 grams in mass and 36 millimeters in diameter. It has coin alignment and a reeded edge, and like most coins, is round in shape. Both of its rims are raised and undecorated.
The piece, like similar 25 and 50 frank coins issued in 1956, was designed by Austrian sculptor Edwin Grienauer (1893–1964). In its center, the obverse features a mustached effigy of Franz Joseph II wearing a suit and tie in the foreground and a bust of Princess Gina facing the same direction in the midground. Engraved vertically in small print to the right is the "GRIENAUER" signature of the artist. The German legend "FRANZ JOSEF II UND GINA VON LIECHTENSTEIN", which translates as "Franz Josef II and Gina of Liechtenstein", partially encircles the illustration, extending clockwise from the coin's lower left to lower right peripheries. The remainder of the rim at the bottom of the piece is occupied by the Gregorian date of minting, "1952", which is engraved counterclockwise and separated from the aforementioned text by two small circular points. Similar points also separate each word in the legend.
A simplified rendition of the coat of arms of Liechtenstein is displayed in the middle of the coin's reverse. Such an illustration consists of a central escutcheon containing a two-colored inescutcheon and fields featuring symbols of Silesia, the Kuenring family, the Duchy of Troppau, the County of Rietberg, and the Duchy of Krnov. It is surmounted by the Princely Hat of Liechtenstein, a heraldic symbol representing the monarchy of Liechtenstein. On the coin, engraved clockwise along the rim above the arms is the German name of the Principality of Liechtenstein, "FÜRSTENTUM LIECHTENSTEIN". Inscribed in the opposite direction along the periphery below is the face value "100 FRANKEN", which is separated from the aforementioned text by two small circular points.
Around 4,000 examples of the coin were manufactured during a single year of production, each with a Brilliant Uncirculated finish.
References[edit | edit source]
- Numismatic Guaranty Corporation – Liechtenstein - 100 Franken, Y# 17 (1952)
- Colnect – 100 Franken (1952)
- Numista – 100 Franken (1952) (English) (French)
- Liechtenstein frank on the English Wikipedia
|Coins||½ fr • 1 fr • 2 fr • 5 fr • 10 fr • 20 fr • 25 fr • 50 fr • 100 fr|
|Miscellaneous||10 taler • National Bank of Liechtenstein|