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Toea
Papua New Guinea toea 1987
1987 coin
General information
Country

Flag of Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea

Value

K0.01

Years

19752004

Measurements and composition
Mass

2.07 g

Diameter

17.65 mm

Thickness

1.42 mm

Composition
  • bronze (1975–1990, according to the Weltmünzkatalog; 1975–2004, according to the Standard Catalog of World Coins)
  • copper-plated zinc (1995–2004, according to the Weltmünzkatalog)
Appearance
Shape

round

Alignment

medallic

Edge

plain

Obverse

Emblem of Papua New Guinea, state title, year

Reverse

Paradise birdwing (Ornithoptera paradisea), value

v · d · e

The 1 toea coin is a former circulation piece of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea. It was issued in one (according to the Standard Catalog of World Coins) or two (according to the Weltmünzkatalog) types by the Bank of Papua New Guinea from 1975 to 2004. Because Papua New Guinea lacks a mint of its own, the piece was struck under commission at the Royal Mint and Royal Australian Mint from 1975 to 1990, the Franklin Mint from 1975 to 1984, and the Royal Canadian Mint from 1995 to 2004.

The piece was released in Papua New Guinea on April 19, 1975, initially circulating for a nominal value of 0.01 kina. However, it eventually fell out of use because of its low purchasing power, and was withdrawn beginning in 2006 as a result. The Bank of Papua New Guinea officially demonetized the coin on April 19, 2007.

According to the Weltmünzkatalog, the coin was struck in bronze from 1975 to 1990 and in copper-plated zinc from 1995 to 2004. The Standard Catalog of World Coins and related works, however, list the piece as bronze during its entire production run. The coin measures 2.07 grams in mass, 17.65 millimeters in diameter, and 1.42 millimeters in thickness. It has medallic alignment and a plain edge, and like most coins, is round in shape. Both of its rims are raised and decorated with a beaded border.

The obverse of the coin was designed by Richard Renninger (1918–1995), an American medalist employed by the Franklin Mint. The emblem of Papua New Guinea – which consists of a Raggiana bird-of-paradise (Paradisaea raggiana) over a traditional spear and kundu drum – appears in the center. Engraved clockwise along the periphery above is the state title "PAPUA NEW GUINEA", and inscribed in the opposite direction at the rim below is the Gregorian date of minting. On pieces produced at the Franklin Mint, a small "FM" mark is additionally displayed between the emblem and the date.

The reverse was designed by Herman de Roos, another artist employed by the Franklin Mint. A depiction of the paradise birdwing (Ornithoptera paradisea), a species of butterfly native to New Guinea, is displayed over a plant in the center. Engraved in large print to the upper left is the face value "1t", which is abbreviated for "1 toea".

The total mintage of the coin is currently unknown, but exceeds 39,713,722 pieces. All of the examples struck at the Royal Mint, Royal Australian Mint, and Royal Canadian Mint were released into circulation as business strikes, whereas the pieces struck at the Franklin Mint were sold to collectors in matte, proof, and uncirculated finishes. Many of the Franklin Mint coins were distributed in mint and proof sets.

Mintages
Year Mint Mintage
1975 Royal Mint
Royal Australian Mint
14,400,000
1975 Matte Franklin Mint 83,000
1975 Proof 67,000
1975 Uncirculated 4,134
1976 Royal Mint
Royal Australian Mint
25,175,000
1976 Matte Franklin Mint 84,000
1976 Proof 16,000
1976 Uncirculated 976
1977 Matte 84,000
1977 Proof 7,721
1977 Uncirculated 603
1978 Royal Mint
Royal Australian Mint
Unknown
1978 Matte Franklin Mint 83,000
1978 Proof 5,540
1978 Uncirculated 777
1979 Matte 84,000
1979 Proof 2,728
1979 Uncirculated 1,366
1980 Proof 2,125
1980 Uncirculated 1,160
1981 Royal Mint
Royal Australian Mint
Unknown
1981 Matte Franklin Mint Unknown
1981 Proof 10,000
1982 Matte Unknown
1982 Proof Unknown
1983 Royal Mint
Royal Australian Mint
Unknown
1983 Proof Franklin Mint Unknown
1983 Uncirculated 360
1984 Royal Mint
Royal Australian Mint
Unknown
1984 Proof Franklin Mint Unknown
1987 Royal Mint
Royal Australian Mint
Unknown
1990 Unknown
1995 Royal Canadian Mint Unknown
1996 Unknown
2001 Unknown
2002 Unknown
2004 Unknown
Total 39,713,722

ReferencesEdit

Template:Papua New Guinean kina

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