- This article is about the coin issued from 1970 to 1977. For earlier Rhodesian pennies, sometimes incorrectly called cents, see Rhodesian 1 penny coin; for later coins of Zimbabwe, see Zimbabwean 1 cent coin.
|Coin from 1974|
|Measurements and composition|
Sprig, state title, value, year
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The 1 cent coin is a circulation coin that was issued annually from 1970 to 1977 by the Republic of Rhodesia, a former unrecognized state that claimed the land of what was then Southern Rhodesia, in modern-day Zimbabwe. Prior to its eventual demonetization, the piece carried a legal tender face value equivalent to 0.01 dollars.
The coin is composed of bronze and has a mass of 4 grams, a diameter of 22.6 millimeters, and a thickness of approximately 1.5 millimeters. It bears a plain edge and medallic alignment, and like most coins, is round in shape. Both sides of the piece were designed by Thomas Sasseen, a South African artist known for many Southern African coins. Featured in the center of the obverse is the coat of arms of Rhodesia – which consists of an escutcheon bearing a pickaxe, with a lion passant between two thistles above. This escutcheon is surmounted by a decorated helmet and Zimbabwe Bird and supported by two sable antelopes (Hippotragus niger) standing on ground that holds up a scroll with the Latin "SIT NOMINE DIGNA" (English: "May It Be Worthy of the Name"). The "T.S." initials of Thomas Sasseen are inscribed below the illustration of the arms in small print. Engraved in the middle of the reverse is the value "1 c" (abbreviated for 1 cent), with the serifed numeral printed in a significantly larger font than the letter. A sprig is engraved along the lower right periphery of the piece, and the state title "RHODESIA", followed by the date of minting, is displayed along the upper left rim. Such text is written clockwise, commencing at the left periphery and concluding at the top of the coin. Underneath the sprig, the "T.S." initials of the artist are present. The rims on the obverse and reverse are raised and decorated with a dentillated border.
In total, at least 95,000,054 examples of the Rhodesian 1 cent coin were produced. Business strikes were minted every year from 1970 to 1977, amounting to over 95,000,000 pieces over the eight years according to the Standard Catalog of World Coins. Additionally, proofs were made in small quantities in 1970, 1972, 1975, and 1976, and in total number about 54 examples.
References[edit | edit source]
- Numismatic Guaranty Corporation – 1970-1977 Rhodesia Cent KM# 10
- Numista – 1 Cent - Rhodesia (English) (French)
- Coins of the Rhodesian dollar on the English Wikipedia
- Rhodesian dollar on the English Wikipedia