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Somali 5 shilling coin

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A [[crown]]-sized piece, the 5 shilling coin is composed of [[cupronickel]], weighs approximately 27.85 grams, and measures 38 millimeters in diameter and 3.5 millimeters in thickness. It has [[coin alignment]] and a reeded [[edge]], and like most coins, is round in [[shape]]. Both of the piece's [[rim]]s are raised and undecorated.
 
A [[crown]]-sized piece, the 5 shilling coin is composed of [[cupronickel]], weighs approximately 27.85 grams, and measures 38 millimeters in diameter and 3.5 millimeters in thickness. It has [[coin alignment]] and a reeded [[edge]], and like most coins, is round in [[shape]]. Both of the piece's [[rim]]s are raised and undecorated.
   
Displayed in the middle of the [[obverse]], designed by [[Italy|Italian]] [[United Kingdom|British]] artist [[Michael Rizzello]] (1926–2004), is the {{wp|en|coat of arms of Somalia}} – which consists of a central {{wp|en|Escutcheon (heraldry)|escutcheon}} containing a single {{wp|en|five-pointed star}}, surmounted by a {{wp|en|battlement}} of {{wp|en|Moors|Moorish}} style and supported by two {{wp|en|African leopard|African leopards}} (''{{wsp|Panthera pardus pardus}}''). Below this escutcheon are a {{wp|en|ribbon}} wrapped around two crossing {{wp|en|Lance|lances}} and two {{wp|en|Palm tree|palm}} {{wp|en|Frond|fronds}}. "SOMALI DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC" is written along the upper periphery of the piece, extending clockwise from the left to right rims of the piece, followed by the {{wp|en|Gregorian calendar|Gregorian}} date of minting in {{wp|en|Western Arabic numerals}}, "1970". The {{wp|en|Arabic language|Arabic}} equivalent of the state title, "{{RTL|الجمهورية الديمقراطية الصومالية}}" ({{wp|en|Romanization of Arabic|Romanized}}: ''al-Jumhūrīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah aṣ-Ṣūmālīyah'') is inscribed in the same direction from the right to left of the piece, followed by the date in {{wp|en|Eastern Arabic numerals}}, "{{RTL|١٩٧‎٠}}". The English and Arabic legends are separated from each other by small dashes.
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Displayed in the middle of the [[obverse]], designed by [[Italy|Italian]] [[United Kingdom|British]] artist [[Michael Rizzello]] (1926–2004), is the {{wp|en|coat of arms of Somalia}} – which consists of a central {{wp|en|Escutcheon (heraldry)|escutcheon}} containing a single {{wp|en|five-pointed star}}, surmounted by a {{wp|en|battlement}} of {{wp|en|Moors|Moorish}} style and supported by two {{wp|en|African leopard|African leopards}} (''[[wikispecies:Panthera pardus pardus|Panthera pardus pardus]]''). Below this escutcheon are a {{wp|en|ribbon}} wrapped around two crossing {{wp|en|Lance|lances}} and two {{wp|en|Palm tree|palm}} {{wp|en|Frond|fronds}}. "SOMALI DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC" is written along the upper periphery of the piece, extending clockwise from the left to right rims of the piece, followed by the {{wp|en|Gregorian calendar|Gregorian}} date of minting in {{wp|en|Western Arabic numerals}}, "1970". The {{wp|en|Arabic language|Arabic}} equivalent of the state title, "{{RTL|الجمهورية الديمقراطية الصومالية}}" ({{wp|en|Romanization of Arabic|Romanized}}: ''al-Jumhūrīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah aṣ-Ṣūmālīyah'') is inscribed in the same direction from the right to left of the piece, followed by the date in {{wp|en|Eastern Arabic numerals}}, "{{RTL|١٩٧‎٠}}". The English and Arabic legends are separated from each other by small dashes.
   
Engraved in the middle of the coin's [[reverse]] is an illustration of three {{wp|en|farm animals}} – a {{wp|en|Somali goat}}, a sort of {{wp|en|zebu}} (''{{wsp|Bos taurus indicus}}''), and a {{wp|en|Somali sheep}} – the latter two standing and the goat resting on the ground. In the background of the image are some grains, including {{wp|en|corn}} stalks, and on the ground before the livestock are some local {{wp|en|Fruit|fruits}}. Curved upward above the depiction is the coin's face value in English, reading "5 shillings". Printed below the central illustration on two lines is the Arabic equivalent, "{{RTL|شلنات ٥}}" ‎(''5 šilīnāt''), the number displayed in a larger font than the following word, which arches toward the bottom of the coin. The Arabic text "{{RTL|أرفعوا محصول م الزراعي}}" (''Arfā'wū māsūl mā al-zirā'í''), roughly translating as "raise the agricultural yield", appears in a counterclockwise direction along the upper rim of the piece, commencing at the right periphery and concluding at the left. "GROW MORE FOOD", an alternate English translation for the Arabic, is written in the same direction along the bottom rim, extending from the left to right sides of the obverse. Both texts are separated from each other by two small points. The rims on both the obverse and reverse are raised and not decorated.
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Engraved in the middle of the coin's [[reverse]] is an illustration of three {{wp|en|farm animals}} – a {{wp|en|Somali goat}}, a sort of {{wp|en|zebu}} (''[[wikispecies:Bos taurus indicus|Bos taurus indicus]]''), and a {{wp|en|Somali sheep}} – the latter two standing and the goat resting on the ground. In the background of the image are some grains, including {{wp|en|corn}} stalks, and on the ground before the livestock are some local {{wp|en|Fruit|fruits}}. Curved upward above the depiction is the coin's face value in English, reading "5 shillings". Printed below the central illustration on two lines is the Arabic equivalent, "{{RTL|شلنات ٥}}" ‎(''5 šilīnāt''), the number displayed in a larger font than the following word, which arches toward the bottom of the coin. The Arabic text "{{RTL|أرفعوا محصول م الزراعي}}" (''Arfā'wū māsūl mā al-zirā'í''), roughly translating as "raise the agricultural yield", appears in a counterclockwise direction along the upper rim of the piece, commencing at the right periphery and concluding at the left. "GROW MORE FOOD", an alternate English translation for the Arabic, is written in the same direction along the bottom rim, extending from the left to right sides of the obverse. Both texts are separated from each other by two small points. The rims on both the obverse and reverse are raised and not decorated.
   
 
In total, approximately 101,000 examples of the 1970 piece were struck, including 100,000 general issue coins and around 1,000 [[proof coin|proofs]].
 
In total, approximately 101,000 examples of the 1970 piece were struck, including 100,000 general issue coins and around 1,000 [[proof coin|proofs]].
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