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:''Not to be confused with the [[Somaliland 5 shilling coin]].''
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:''For unofficial coins of the denomination, see [[Somali 5 shilling coin (unofficial)]]. For coins of Somaliland, see [[Somaliland 5 shilling coin]].''
{{Currentmoney}}
 
 
{{Coin
 
{{Coin
|name= 5 shillings/scellini
+
|name= 5 shillings
|image= [[File:Somalia 5 shillings 2002.jpg|250px]]
+
|image= [[File:Somalia 5 shillings 1970.jpg|250px]]
|caption= Coin from 2002
 
 
|country= {{flag|Somalia}} [[Somalia]]
 
|country= {{flag|Somalia}} [[Somalia]]
 
|value= 5.00 [[Somali shilling|shillings]]
 
|value= 5.00 [[Somali shilling|shillings]]
|years= [[1970]]–[[2013]]
+
|years= [[1970]]
|mass= *27.85 g (1970)
+
|mass= 27.85 g
*1.3 g (1999-2002)
+
|diameter= 38 mm
*5 g (2013)
+
|thickness= 3.5 mm
|diameter= *38 mm (1970)
+
|composition= [[cupronickel]]
*21 mm (1999-2002)
 
*19 mm (2013)
 
|thickness= *3.5 mm (1970)
 
*2 mm (1999-2002)
 
|composition= *[[cupronickel]] (1970)
 
*[[aluminum]] (1999-2002)
 
*[[copper]]-plated [[nickel]] (2013)
 
 
|shape= round
 
|shape= round
|alignment= *[[coin alignment|coin]] (1970)
+
|alignment= [[coin alignment|coin]]
*[[medallic alignment|medallic]] (1999-2013)
+
|edge= reeded
|edge= *reeded (1970)
+
|obverse= {{wp|en|Coat of arms of Somalia}}, state title, year
*plain (1999-2002)
+
|reverse= {{wp|en|Livestock}}, value (1970)
|obverse= *[[wikipedia:Coat of arms of Somalia|Coat of arms of Somalia]], state title, year (1970, 2013)
 
*Coat of arms of Somalia, state title, value (1999-2002)
 
|reverse= *[[wikipedia:Livestock|Livestock]], value (1970)
 
*[[wikipedia:African bush elephant|African elephant]], year (1999-2002)
 
*[[wikipedia:African buffalo|African buffalo]], value (2013)
 
 
}}
 
}}
The '''5 [[shilling]]/[[scellino]] [[coin]]''' is a coin of the [[Somalia|Federal Republic of Somalia]] and former Somali Democratic Republic that has been issued in three types, two for [[circulation]] and one for [[coin collecting|collectors]]. The first coin, a circulating [[commemorative coin|commemorative]] celebrating the 35th anniversary of the [[wikipedia:Food and Agriculture Organization|Food and Agriculture Organization]] (FAO), was introduced in [[1970]] by the Somali Democratic Republic. Nearly thirty years later in [[1999]], after the establishment of the current Federal Republic of Somalia, a second type also commemorating the FAO was issued and later minted again in [[2000]] and [[2002]]. This type was then followed in [[2013]] by a [[non-circulating legal tender]] piece included as part of a five coin collectors' set.
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The '''5 [[shilling]] [[coin]]''' is a [[non-circulating legal tender|non-circulating]] [[commemorative coin|commemorative]] piece of the [[Somali Democratic Republic]], a precursor to the modern [[Somalia|Federal Republic of Somalia]]. It was issued in a single type in [[1970]] in celebration of the 35th anniversary of the {{wp|en|Food and Agriculture Organization}} (FAO) and an FAO conference that year. The coin was distributed by the [[Central Bank of Somalia]] and struck under commission at the [[Royal Mint]] of the [[United Kingdom]].
   
While the 1970 5 shilling piece has been [[demonetization|demonetized]], the coins made from 1999 to 2002 and in 2013 continue to hold a [[legal tender]] [[face value]] equivalent to 5.00 [[Somali shilling]]s. However, the 2013 pieces are intended primarily for collectors and do not see any [[circulation]]. The later two coins were distributed under the authority of the [[Central Bank of Somalia]].
+
The piece initially carried a [[legal tender]] [[face value]] of 5.00 [[Somali shilling]]s in its country of origin, but was eventually [[demonetization|demonetized]]. However, because the coin was intended primarily for [[coin collecting|collectors]], it did not see any widespread circulation, although circulated examples do exist.
   
==Coins==
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A [[crown]]-sized piece, the 5 shilling coin is composed of [[cupronickel]], weighs approximately 27.85 grams, and measures 38 millimeters in diameter and 3.5 millimeters in thickness. It has [[coin alignment]] and a reeded [[edge]], and like most coins, is round in [[shape]]. Both of the piece's [[rim]]s are raised and undecorated.
==="Grow More Food" circulating commemorative (1970)===
 
[[File:Somalia 5 shillings 1970.jpg|220px|left|thumb|1970 FAO commemorative coin]]
 
The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), an agency of the [[United Nations]] (UN) tasked with combating [[wikipedia:World hunger|world hunger]], was established in [[1945]] in [[wikipedia:Quebec City|Quebec City]], [[Canada]]. Somalia, which joined the UN upon independence in [[1960]], introduced a commemorative 5 shilling piece in 1970 for circulation, made in celebration of the 35th anniversary of the FAO, and according to [[Krause Publications|Krause]]'s ''[[Standard Catalog of World Coins]]'', an FAO conference. A [[crown]]-sized coin, it is composed of [[cupronickel]], weighs approximately 27.85 grams, and measures 38 millimeters in diameter and 3.5 millimeters in thickness. The piece has [[coin alignment]] and a reeded [[edge]], and like most coins, is round in [[shape]].
 
   
Displayed in the middle of the [[obverse]], designed by [[Italy|Italian]] [[United Kingdom|British]] artist [[Michael Rizzello]] (1926–2004), is the [[wikipedia:Coat of arms of Somalia|coat of arms of Somalia]] – which consists of a central [[wikipedia:Escutcheon (heraldry)|escutcheon]] containing a single [[wikipedia:Five-pointed star|five-pointed star]], surmounted by a [[wikipedia:Battlement|battlement]] of [[wikipedia:Moors|Moorish]] style and supported by two [[wikipedia:African leopard|African leopards]] (''[[wikispecies:Panthera pardus pardus|Panthera pardus pardus]]''). Below this escutcheon are a [[wikipedia:Ribbon|ribbon]] wrapped around two crossing [[wikipedia:Lance|lances]] and two [[wikipedia:Palm tree|palm]] [[wikipedia:Frond|fronds]]. "SOMALI DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC" is written along the upper periphery of the piece, extending clockwise from the left to right rims of the piece, followed by the [[wikipedia:Gregorian calendar|Gregorian]] date of minting in [[wikipedia:Western Arabic numerals|Western Arabic numerals]], "1970". The [[wikipedia:Arabic language|Arabic]] equivalent of the state title, "{{RTL|الجمهورية الديمقراطية الصومالية}}" ([[wikipedia:Romanization of Arabic|Romanized]]: ''al-Jumhūrīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah aṣ-Ṣūmālīyah'') is
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Displayed in the middle of the [[obverse]], designed by [[Italy|Italian]] [[United Kingdom|British]] artist [[Michael Rizzello]] (1926–2004), is the {{wp|en|coat of arms of Somalia}} – which consists of a central {{wp|en|Escutcheon (heraldry)|escutcheon}} containing a single {{wp|en|five-pointed star}}, surmounted by a {{wp|en|battlement}} of {{wp|en|Moors|Moorish}} style and supported by two {{wp|en|African leopard|African leopards}} (''{{wsp|Panthera pardus pardus}}''). Below this escutcheon are a {{wp|en|ribbon}} wrapped around two crossing {{wp|en|Lance|lances}} and two {{wp|en|Palm tree|palm}} {{wp|en|Frond|fronds}}. "SOMALI DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC" is written along the upper periphery of the piece, extending clockwise from the left to right rims of the piece, followed by the {{wp|en|Gregorian calendar|Gregorian}} date of minting in {{wp|en|Western Arabic numerals}}, "1970". The {{wp|en|Arabic language|Arabic}} equivalent of the state title, "{{RTL|الجمهورية الديمقراطية الصومالية}}" ({{wp|en|Romanization of Arabic|Romanized}}: ''al-Jumhūrīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah aṣ-Ṣūmālīyah'') is inscribed in the same direction from the right to left of the piece, followed by the date in {{wp|en|Eastern Arabic numerals}}, "{{RTL|١٩٧‎٠}}". The English and Arabic legends are separated from each other by small dashes.
inscribed in the same direction from the right to left of the piece, followed by the date in [[wikipedia:Eastern Arabic numerals|Eastern Arabic numerals]], "{{RTL|١٩٧‎٠}}". The English and Arabic legends are separated from each other by small dashes. Engraved in the middle of the coin's [[reverse]] is an illustration of three [[wikipedia:Farm animals|farm animals]] – a [[wikipedia:Somali goat|Somali goat]], a sort of [[wikipedia:Zebu|zebu]] (''[[wikispecies:Bos taurus indicus|Bos taurus indicus]]''), and a [[wikipedia:Somali sheep|Somali sheep]] – the latter two standing and the goat resting on the ground. In the background of the image are some grains, including [[wikipedia:Corn|corn]] stalks, and on the ground before the livestock are some local [[wikipedia:Fruit|fruits]]. Curved upward above the depiction is the coin's face value in English, reading "5 shillings". Printed below the central illustration on two lines is the Arabic equivalent, "{{RTL|شلنات ٥}}" ‎(''5 šilīnāt''), the number displayed in a larger font than the following word, which arches toward the bottom of the coin. The Arabic text "{{RTL|أرفعوا محصول م الزراعي}}" (''Arfā'wū māsūl mā al-zirā'í''), roughly translating as "raise the agricultural yield", appears in a counterclockwise direction along the upper rim of the piece, commencing at the right periphery and concluding at the left. "GROW MORE FOOD", an alternate English translation for the Arabic, is written in the same direction along the bottom rim, extending from the left to right sides of the obverse. Both texts are separated from each other by two small points. The rims on both the obverse and reverse are raised and not decorated.
+
  +
Engraved in the middle of the coin's [[reverse]] is an illustration of three {{wp|en|farm animals}} – a {{wp|en|Somali goat}}, a sort of {{wp|en|zebu}} (''{{wsp|Bos taurus indicus}}''), and a {{wp|en|Somali sheep}} – the latter two standing and the goat resting on the ground. In the background of the image are some grains, including {{wp|en|corn}} stalks, and on the ground before the livestock are some local {{wp|en|Fruit|fruits}}. Curved upward above the depiction is the coin's face value in English, reading "5 shillings". Printed below the central illustration on two lines is the Arabic equivalent, "{{RTL|شلنات ٥}}" ‎(''5 šilīnāt''), the number displayed in a larger font than the following word, which arches toward the bottom of the coin. The Arabic text "{{RTL|أرفعوا محصول م الزراعي}}" (''Arfā'wū māsūl mā al-zirā'í''), roughly translating as "raise the agricultural yield", appears in a counterclockwise direction along the upper rim of the piece, commencing at the right periphery and concluding at the left. "GROW MORE FOOD", an alternate English translation for the Arabic, is written in the same direction along the bottom rim, extending from the left to right sides of the obverse. Both texts are separated from each other by two small points. The rims on both the obverse and reverse are raised and not decorated.
   
 
In total, approximately 101,000 examples of the 1970 piece were struck, including 100,000 general issue coins and around 1,000 [[proof coin|proofs]].
 
In total, approximately 101,000 examples of the 1970 piece were struck, including 100,000 general issue coins and around 1,000 [[proof coin|proofs]].
 
===Food Security circulating commemorative (1999–2002)===
 
[[File:Somali 5 shillings 2000.png|220px|right|thumb|Coin from 2000]]
 
One of the goals of the Food and Agriculture Organization is global [[wikipedia:Food security|food security]], a condition in which all people have access to a sufficient amount of food for nourishment. In 1999, in celebration of the FAO, Somalia issued commemorative 5 and [[Somali 10 shilling coin|10]] shilling coins for circulation focusing on food security. Both pieces were later produced into 2000 and 2002. The 5 shilling coin is composed of [[aluminum]] and has a mass of approximately 1.3 grams, a diameter of 21 millimeters, and a thickness of 2 millimeters. It has [[medallic alignment]] and a plain edge, and is round in shape.
 
 
Featured in the middle of the obverse is the coat of arms of Somalia as it appears on the 1970 circulating commemorative, albeit taller and less stylized. Above this central illustration, the English state title, "REPUBLIC OF SOMALIA", is written from the upper left to upper right peripheries of the piece in a clockwise direction. A large numeral "5" appears at the bottom of the obverse, which is accompanied along the left rim by the word "SHILLINGS" and along the right by the [[wikipedia:Italian language|Italian]] equivalent, "SCELLINI". Both of these texts are written in a counterclockwise direction, and are separated from the state title by small points. Displayed in the center of the coin's [[reverse]] is an illustration of an [[wikipedia:African bush elephant|African elephant]] (''[[wikispecies:Loxodonta africana|Loxodonta africana]]'') walking to the right. Such an animal, rarely seen in Somalia, occasionally appears in the country around the border with [[Kenya]]. The text "XXI CENTURY", identifying the [[21st century]], is engraved upward along the left rim of the piece, followed near the top of the reverse by the Gregorian date of minting in Western Arabic numerals. Printed downward along the right periphery of the coin is the legend "FOOD SECURITY". The date and the two accompanying texts are separated by two small points. "FAO" appears horizontally at the bottom of the reverse, below the depiction of the elephant. The rims of both the obverse and reverse are raised.
 
 
The total [[mintage]] of the 5 shilling coin issued from 1999 to 2002 is currently unknown. Only [[business strike]]s are known to have been made.
 
 
{| class="mw-collapsible" data-expandtext="show" data-collapsetext="hide"
 
! style="text-align:left;" | Years
 
|-
 
|
 
*1999
 
*2000
 
*2002
 
|}
 
 
===Non-circulating legal tender coin (2013)===
 
[[File:Somalia 5 shillings 2013.png|220px|left|thumb|Coin from 2013]]
 
In [[2013]], the Central Bank of Somalia commissioned the [[United Kingdom]]-based [[Commonwealth Mint]] to produce a set of five Somali non-circulating legal tender coins. The series, consisting of denominations of 5, 10, [[Somali 20 shilling coin|20]], [[Somali 50 shilling coin|50]], and [[Somali 100 shilling coin|100]] shillings, features the [[wikipedia:Big five game|big five game]] animals of Africa, most of which live in Somalia. The 5 shilling piece, the smallest of the coins in face value, is composed of [[copper]]-plated [[nickel]] and has a mass of 5 grams, a diameter of 19 millimeters, and a thickness of 2 millimeters. It has medallic alignment and is round in shape.
 
 
The coat of arms of Somalia is displayed in the center of the obverse. It is designed similarly to the image on the food security commemorative, albeit with the leopards' tongues visible, the battlements more rounded and distinct, and the lances slanted upward. "SOMALI REPUBLIC" is engraved clockwise along the upper rim of the piece, above the illustration of the arms. Meanwhile, the Gregorian date of minting is written in Western Arabic numerals as "2013" at the bottom periphery of the coin, in the opposite direction. Featured on the reverse is a depiction of a [[wikipedia:African buffalo|cape buffalo]] (''[[wikispecies:Syncerus caffer|Syncerus caffer]] caffer'') standing in a field of [[wikipedia:Grass|grass]], its [[wikipedia:Horn (anatomy)|horned]] head looking ¼ right. The animal, a large bovine native to portions of [[wikipedia:Southern Africa|Southern]] and [[wikipedia:East Africa|East Africa]], can be found in parts of southwestern Somalia. The face value "FIVE SHILLINGS" is engraved into the grass at the bottom of the coin, written counterclockwise along the rim. The rims of both the obverse and reverse are raised and decorated with a beaded border. On the reverse, this border encompasses all of the piece's periphery except for the space occupied by the face value.
 
 
The total mintage of the 2013 5 shilling coin is currently unknown, but was reportedly made in limited quantities. Only uncirculated specimens were struck.
 
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
*[http://ngccoin.com Numismatic Guaranty Corporation website]
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*Numismatic Guaranty Corporation – {{NGC|1088446|Somalia - 5 Shillings, KM# 15 (1970)}}
*[http://en.numista.com Numista] {{lang|English}} {{lang|French}}
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*Colnect – {{Colnect-c|7377|5 Shillings (2nd F.A.O. Conference - 1970)}}
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*Numista – {{Numista|9949|5 Shillings}} {{lang|English}} {{lang|French}}
 
*[http://www.coinzoo.net/africa-world-coin-collection/item/somalia-5-shillings-km15 Daniel's Coin Zoo – Somalia 5-Shillings (KM15) Cow, Goat, Sheep]
 
*[http://www.coinzoo.net/africa-world-coin-collection/item/somalia-5-shillings-km15 Daniel's Coin Zoo – Somalia 5-Shillings (KM15) Cow, Goat, Sheep]
 
*[http://www.newspapers.com/newspage/41971351/ ''The Daily Courier'' (Connellsville, Pennsylvania) article - October 26, 1970]
 
*[http://www.newspapers.com/newspage/41971351/ ''The Daily Courier'' (Connellsville, Pennsylvania) article - October 26, 1970]
*[https://books.google.com/books?id=mCBOAgAAQBAJ "Novità dal Mondo - Somalia"] (September 2013). ''l'Arte del Francobollo'' (28): 15. September 2013 {{lang|Italian}}
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*{{Wikipedia-link|en|Somali shilling}}
*[http://worldcoinnews.blogspot.com/2013/05/somalia-2013-new-coin-set.html World Coin News – Somalia 2013 - New coin set]
 
*[http://www.catawiki.com/catalog/coins/countries/somalia/5180555-somalia-5-shillings-2013-water-buffalo Catawiki – Somalia 5 shillings 2013 "Water Buffalo"]
 
 
{{Somali shilling}}
 
{{Somali shilling}}
 
[[Category:20th century coins]]
 
[[Category:20th century coins]]
[[Category:21st century coins]]
 
[[Category:Aluminum]]
 
 
[[Category:Coins of Somalia]]
 
[[Category:Coins of Somalia]]
[[Category:Coins with Arabic language inscriptions]]
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[[Category:Coins with Arabic inscriptions]]
[[Category:Coins with Arabic script inscriptions]]
 
 
[[Category:Coins with coin alignment]]
 
[[Category:Coins with coin alignment]]
[[Category:Coins with English language inscriptions]]
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[[Category:Coins with English inscriptions]]
 
[[Category:Coins with Gregorian dates]]
 
[[Category:Coins with Gregorian dates]]
[[Category:Coins with Italian language inscriptions]]
 
[[Category:Coins with Latin script inscriptions]]
 
[[Category:Copper]]
 
 
[[Category:Cupronickel]]
 
[[Category:Cupronickel]]
 
[[Category:Dated coins]]
 
[[Category:Dated coins]]
[[Category:Nickel]]
 
 
[[Category:Round coins]]
 
[[Category:Round coins]]
 
[[Category:Somali shilling]]
 
[[Category:Somali shilling]]

Latest revision as of 19:11, January 1, 2018

For unofficial coins of the denomination, see Somali 5 shilling coin (unofficial). For coins of Somaliland, see Somaliland 5 shilling coin.
5 shillings
Somalia 5 shillings 1970
General information
Country

Flag of Somalia Somalia

Value

5.00 shillings

Years

1970

Measurements and composition
Mass

27.85 g

Diameter

38 mm

Thickness

3.5 mm

Composition

cupronickel

Appearance
Shape

round

Alignment

coin

Edge

reeded

Obverse

Coat of arms of Somalia, state title, year

Reverse

Livestock, value (1970)

v · d · e

The 5 shilling coin is a non-circulating commemorative piece of the Somali Democratic Republic, a precursor to the modern Federal Republic of Somalia. It was issued in a single type in 1970 in celebration of the 35th anniversary of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and an FAO conference that year. The coin was distributed by the Central Bank of Somalia and struck under commission at the Royal Mint of the United Kingdom.

The piece initially carried a legal tender face value of 5.00 Somali shillings in its country of origin, but was eventually demonetized. However, because the coin was intended primarily for collectors, it did not see any widespread circulation, although circulated examples do exist.

A crown-sized piece, the 5 shilling coin is composed of cupronickel, weighs approximately 27.85 grams, and measures 38 millimeters in diameter and 3.5 millimeters in thickness. It has coin alignment and a reeded edge, and like most coins, is round in shape. Both of the piece's rims are raised and undecorated.

Displayed in the middle of the obverse, designed by Italian British artist Michael Rizzello (1926–2004), is the coat of arms of Somalia – which consists of a central escutcheon containing a single five-pointed star, surmounted by a battlement of Moorish style and supported by two African leopards (Panthera pardus pardus). Below this escutcheon are a ribbon wrapped around two crossing lances and two palm fronds. "SOMALI DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC" is written along the upper periphery of the piece, extending clockwise from the left to right rims of the piece, followed by the Gregorian date of minting in Western Arabic numerals, "1970". The Arabic equivalent of the state title, "الجمهورية الديمقراطية الصومالية" (Romanized: al-Jumhūrīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah aṣ-Ṣūmālīyah) is inscribed in the same direction from the right to left of the piece, followed by the date in Eastern Arabic numerals, "١٩٧‎٠". The English and Arabic legends are separated from each other by small dashes.

Engraved in the middle of the coin's reverse is an illustration of three farm animals – a Somali goat, a sort of zebu (Bos taurus indicus), and a Somali sheep – the latter two standing and the goat resting on the ground. In the background of the image are some grains, including corn stalks, and on the ground before the livestock are some local fruits. Curved upward above the depiction is the coin's face value in English, reading "5 shillings". Printed below the central illustration on two lines is the Arabic equivalent, "شلنات ٥" ‎(5 šilīnāt), the number displayed in a larger font than the following word, which arches toward the bottom of the coin. The Arabic text "أرفعوا محصول م الزراعي" (Arfā'wū māsūl mā al-zirā'í), roughly translating as "raise the agricultural yield", appears in a counterclockwise direction along the upper rim of the piece, commencing at the right periphery and concluding at the left. "GROW MORE FOOD", an alternate English translation for the Arabic, is written in the same direction along the bottom rim, extending from the left to right sides of the obverse. Both texts are separated from each other by two small points. The rims on both the obverse and reverse are raised and not decorated.

In total, approximately 101,000 examples of the 1970 piece were struck, including 100,000 general issue coins and around 1,000 proofs.

ReferencesEdit

Template:Somali shilling

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