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United States Minor Outlying Islands
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United States Minor Outlying Islands

Washington, D.C. (administrative center)




American, Islander


United States dollar (USD)



-Per capita

$46,381 (2000)

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The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a designation defined by the International Organization for Standardization's ISO 3166-1 code, consists of eight United States territories in the Pacific Ocean: Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, the Midway Islands, Palmyra Atoll, and Wake Island; and one in the Caribbean Sea: Navassa Island. Bajo Nuevo Bank and Serranilla Bank are also sometimes included by the U.S. government, but its claims are disputed by other countries.


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The ISO introduced the term "US Minor Outlying Islands"

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) introduced the term "United States Minor Outlying Islands" in 1986. From 1974 until that date, five of the islands (Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Palmyra Atoll, and Kingman Reef) were grouped together under the designation United States Miscellaneous Pacific Islands.

The current population of the islands consists solely of temporarily stationed scientific and military personnel. There were attempts to settle Americans on Baker, Howland, and Jarvis Island in 1936, but all three of the islands were evacuated in 1942 because of World War II and have not been resettled.


The official currency of the United States Minor Outlying Islands is the United States dollar. In 2005, unofficial coins commemorating the 60th anniversary of the Yalta Conference were made for Baker Island, the Midway Islands, and Wake Island. A few years later, in 2012, the Principality of Navassa, an unrecognized government that claims sovereignty over Navassa Island, introduced a coin for Navassa.


Atoll/Island Date of acquisition Notes
Bajo Nuevo Bank November 22, 1869 Disputed with Colombia, Jamaica, and Nicaragua
Baker Island October 28, 1856
Howland Island October 28, 1856
Jarvis Island October 28, 1856
Johnston Atoll September 6, 1859 Previously claimed by Hawaii when independent
Kingman Reef February 8, 1860
Midway Islands August 28, 1867
Navassa Island October 31, 1858 Claimed by Haiti
Palmyra Atoll February 21, 1912 Previously claimed by Hawaii when independent
Serranilla Bank September 8, 1879
September 13, 1880
Disputed with Colombia, Jamaica, and Nicaragua
Wake Island January 17, 1899 Claimed by the Marshall Islands


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Unincorporated territories of the United States
Current American SamoaBajo Nuevo BankBaker IslandGuamHowland IslandJarvis IslandJohnston AtollKingman ReefMidway IslandNavassa IslandNorthern Mariana IslandsPalmyra AtollPuerto RicoSerranilla BankUnited States Virgin IslandsWake Island
Former Panama Canal ZonePhilippinesTrust Territory of the Pacific Islands
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Countries AustraliaFijiKiribatiMarshall IslandsMicronesiaNauruNew ZealandPalauPapua New GuineaSamoaSolomon IslandsTongaTuvaluVanuatu
Non-sovereign territories American SamoaAshmore and Cartier IslandsBaker IslandClipperton IslandCook IslandsCoral Sea IslandsEaster IslandFrench PolynesiaGuamHawaiiHowland IslandJarvis IslandJohnston AtollJuan Fernández IslandsKingman ReefMidway IslandMinamitorishimaNew CaledoniaNiueNorfolk IslandNorthern Mariana IslandsOkinotorishimaPalmyra AtollPapua, IndonesiaPitcairn IslandsTokelauWake IslandWallis and FutunaWest Papua (province)